The skin of the pregnant woman and its attachments (hair and nails) undergo special changes due to the effect of pregnancy hormones, as the pregnant woman may notice hair growth in places other than their normal growth usually such as the face, abdomen and chest, knowing that they disappear after six months after birth, and the pregnant woman may also experience rapid growth or noticeable fragility in her nails during pregnancy. Stretch marks are one of the hallmarks of the last third of pregnancy, which appear in the form of red lines due to the stretching of the skin of the abdomen caused by the influence of pregnancy hormones and the growth of the fetus inside the womb, and it can appear in the thighs, buttocks and breasts as well.
The Web MD website recommends applying moisturizing creams throughout pregnancy on the places where stretch marks are present in your body, and you should also clean your scalp daily if you have an oily skin type, and acne is never a rare condition during pregnancy. Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists) indicated how to manage this condition during pregnancy according to the following:
- Wash your face daily with cleansing soap and lukewarm water.
- Refrain from squeezing the pimples and pimples that appear on your skin, so that it does not leave annoying scars and pigmentations.
- Apply oil-free powders to your skin.
As for the use of drugs (usually antibiotics) and creams for treating acne, the specialist must determine whether or not they should be prescribed during your pregnancy, and it should be noted that Tetracycline should not be used during pregnancy due to its harmful effect on the growth of the newborn’s teeth and bones.
Smoking and alcohol during pregnancy
All forms of alcohol are considered bad and harmful to the fetus and may threaten to abort and distort it, and there is absolutely no such thing as a safe amount of alcohol that a pregnant woman can consume without worry or fear. Alcohol causes severe nerve and physical harm to the fetus when consumed at any time during pregnancy, and the group of fetal harms caused by alcohol is known as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, which the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website reviewed according to the following:
- Facial deformities such as a cleft lip or palate.
- Small head size.
- Below normal height.
- Motor hyperactivity.
- Difficulty concentrating and paying attention.
- Weak memory.
- Learning problems and difficulties.
- Delayed speech in the child.
- Double mental trial.
- Decreased child’s IQ.
- Hearing or visual problems.
- Bone, kidney, or heart injuries.
As for smoking, the smoking pregnant woman will expose her fetus to harmful chemicals such as nicotine, tar and carbon monoxide, as it causes severe vasoconstriction that impedes the delivery of adequate amounts of oxygen and nutrients necessary for the development of the fetus.
American Congress for Obstetricians and Gynecologists notes how direct or passive pregnant smoking can (inhale the combustion products of tobacco smoked by others); To increase the incidence of early separation of the placenta from the uterus, and its damage extends to include the small size of the newborn from its normal peers.
It can also cause obesity and bronchial asthma in childhood, or smoking (whether direct or negative) may be a cause referred to as Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. That is why it is always advised to abstain from smoking and alcohol during pregnancy, in order to preserve the safety of the fetus and protect it from possible harms resulting from the consumption of these two harmful products.
The vaccine during pregnancy
The vaccine is an important way to protect the pregnant woman and protect her fetus from various pathogens during pregnancy, and it should be clarified that some vaccines can be given during pregnancy and prevent others. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website has offered important instructions about vaccines during the period Pregnancy, explaining how a pregnant woman should receive the measles, rubella and mumps (MMR) vaccine a month or more before pregnancy.
She can also get the flu vaccine and Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and whooping cough vaccine); During pregnancy without fear or anxiety. With regard to hepatitis B, it can be transmitted to a newborn baby during childbirth, but it does not pose a real threat to his health as long as he has an antibody vaccine that is given to him after birth. The health center or the specialist doctor must always be consulted before taking the individual vaccination, especially in the period of pregnancy, which is considered a very critical stage during which the safety and protection of the fetus should be taken care of.