Many people suffer from unstable disorders in appetite, and the causes of loss of appetite in adults are due to factors that may be health, psychological or hormonal, as in the period of adolescence, and loss of appetite is either an involuntary feeling or it is due to an internal desire stemming from the individual himself, but it is a temporary condition that appears. In a period and disappear, here is a detailed explanation of this situation.
There are many different pictures and manifestations of loss of appetite, this annoying condition that leads to a loss of weight and human energy, a feeling of permanent fatigue, depression, and other problems.
It is worth noting that this condition affects women more and it begins with simple cases that may quickly end with the end of the main cause of it or may develop into more difficult chronic cases.
The causes of anorexia in adults can be classified into biological, health, other, psychological, and environmental factors, and others for a variety of reasons, including taking some medications that cause the condition, and together we will mention the most important causes, symptoms and treatment methods.
Common physical causes to block the appetite
We also mentioned that the causes of loss of appetite and weight loss may be due to biological factors within the human body that make the body reject food without the person’s desire to do so, and among the reasons for anorexia in healthy adults are the following: –
- Digestive diseases such as bad and indigestion, irritable bowel problems, GERD, etc.
- Abdominal pain as a result of stomach germs and irritation, or constipation, or food poisoning and others, and these are major reasons behind involuntary loss of appetite.
- All types of infections, whether bacterial or viral, and types of allergies.
- Respiratory illnesses such as influenza infections and colds are also common causes of appetite suppression.
- Painful mouth ulcers, some symptoms of pregnancy, and hormonal changes in the body are among the causes of loss of appetite in adolescents in particular.
Causes of psychological anorexia
We point out here that weight loss due to psychological reasons is not restricted to a specific age, but it is common among young people in the prime of life as well as the elderly, and these psychological reasons to block appetite are due to: –
- Having reasons for anxiety, stress, fear, confusion, panic, or extreme sadness.
- Man entering a state of depression and unwillingness to live.
- Feeling of failure and undermining self-confidence.
- The methods of treating psychological anorexia are to treat the main cause and remove the person from the state of instability and psychological balance.
- The effect of drugs on anorexia
Some medicines may directly cause some annoying side effects for a person, such as loss of desire for food, and these medicines include the following:
- Some types of immunomodulatory, radiological and chemical drugs for chronic diseases.
- Antibiotics and antidepressants.
- Total anesthesia effect after surgical procedures.
- Misuse of some laxatives or diuretics.
- Chronic causes of anorexia
- Most chronic diseases are among the causes of loss of appetite in adults, including: –
- Chronic diseases of the digestive and respiratory systems such as bronchitis and asthma.
- Cancer, especially stomach and colon.
- Hepatic disease, liver failure, and heart disease.
- Diabetes and high blood calcium.
- Addison’s disease and AIDS.
Environmental factors causing anorexia
Here are the strongest causes of an adult’s loss of appetite due to environmental conditions surrounding the affected person, which have a disastrous impact and consequences on him, and among these environmental conditions are the following:
- Family and family problems, as well as poor social relations between acquaintances, friends and co-workers.
- Exposure of a person to unstable emotional disturbances, whether happy or sad, both of which are the reasons for not wanting to eat.
- Psychological stress as a result of not obtaining adequate opportunities in life, such as a job or housing, etc.
- Fear of taking a new experience or an exam, or fear of a specific person.
- Exposure to any form of sexual, verbal or physical abuse.
- Bullying and dissatisfaction with the surrounding situations.
- The feeling that being overweight reduces a person’s respect in front of himself and others.
- Focusing too much on calculating the calories and quantity of food, exaggerating the percentage of fats and sugars, and cooking food in unpleasant ways.
It is surprising that individuals may undergo a voluntary loss of appetite when obsessed with keeping up with fashion and beauty and reaching the thinnest fashion models, and with continuing to refuse food, the body automatically gets used to it.
Complications of anorexia
Several symptoms may be associated with loss of appetite in addition to the lack of desire for food despite the feeling of hunger, and with the persistence of this condition some complications appear on the patient, including:
- Significantly reduced weight.
- Abdominal pain, joint pain, and tooth wear.
- Constipation and possibly dehydration.
- Menstruation stops for three months or more.
- Cases of nocturnal insomnia.
- Introversion, isolation and depression.
- Heart rhythm disturbances, with general weakness, low blood pressure, dizziness, nausea, and sometimes fainting.
- Unusual hair loss on the face and body.
- Feeling of coldness in the limbs and swelling of the arm and leg.
- Dry skin and discoloration of nails.
- Weight loss treatment
After we got acquainted with the causes of anorexia in adults, the specialists referred to a set of treatment methods that can be relied upon, whether they are home or under the supervision of doctors in the hospital, and the treatment methods are as follows
The first step that can be taken in the way of treating an appetite suppression is to follow a healthy routine to regain weight in a safe way, and this method is done through the help of a nutritionist who specializes in dividing meals and calculating calories in a proper way and the extent of the body’s need of fats, sugars, etc
For medicinal treatment
What is meant here are not drugs intended for the treatment of anorexia, but rather treatments for the causes of this loss, and if they are health reasons, the path of appropriate treatment is followed, and if they are psychological causes, anti-depressants are taken and so on.
If the matter has developed to an extent where it is difficult to receive home remedies, and complications worsen and increase their risk for chronic and acute diseases, then in this case, hospitalization should be given, especially the development of depression that may lead to suicide.
The most important thing that should be mentioned in the matter of talking about means of treating appetite suppression is that the first step of treatment is the patient’s conviction that there is a defect and disorders that require treatment.
We also note the great importance that falls on the shoulders of the patient’s family, in addition to other means of treatment, whether psychological or physical.
The risk of developing anorexia nervosa as well as sudden loss of appetite can reach the point of life threatening, so it is desirable to begin to control these symptoms from the beginning of their appearance, and to address all causes of anorexia in adults to save the patient early.