Poisoning from eating resulted from eating spoiled or contaminated foods with a bacterial, viral or parasitic infection, and when eating this food poisoning symptoms begin to appear, and gastroenteritis occurs, and poisoning cases may resolve on their own, or they may require medical intervention, and when not treated, they may occur Some complications, such as dehydration, are especially for children and the elderly. Symptoms of food poisoning may appear several hours after consuming contaminated food or drink, or it may take days. Learn with us in this article the symptoms of poisoning in detail, and methods of treatment.
Symptoms of food poisoning
The symptoms of food poisoning vary according to the source of the infection, and the time it takes for the symptoms to appear, and it may range from one hour to 28 days, and food poisoning is usually diagnosed when the person has three of the following symptoms:
- Abdominal cramps and pain.
- Diarrhea that may be watery or bloody.
- Mild hyperthermia.
- Nausea and vomiting.
There are serious symptoms of food poisoning that require medical intervention, including:
- Diarrhea and vomiting that lasts for more than three days.
- A high temperature that exceeds 38 degrees Celsius.
- Neurological symptoms, such as vision or speech problems, muscle weakness and numbness.
- Symptoms of severe dehydration, such as dry mouth, lack of urination, dry skin, thirst, severe weakness, dizziness and disorientation.
- Bloody stool.
- Severe vomiting in which the person cannot retain fluids.
- Bloody vomit
- Severe abdominal pain and cramps.
The symptoms of poisoning may last for several hours or days, but some people may need to be hospitalized, and the symptoms may differ according to the type of infection, as a viral infection usually causes diarrhea without mucus or blood, and it is watery most of the time. Norovirus causes severe vomiting along with diarrhea, especially in children.
There are several treatments for food poisoning, which we have collected for you in the following lines.
Treating food poisoning
Usually, food poisoning can be treated at home, and many cases will resolve on their own within three to five days, but you must beware of dehydration with constant hydration with fluids, and according to the cause of the disease – if known – treatment, and treatment procedures include:
- Replacing the body with lost fluids – especially rich in electrolytes – such as sodium, potassium or calcium, to balance their levels within the body.
- The antibiotics prescribed by the doctor if the food poisoning is a result of a bacterial infection, and if the symptoms are severe, such as listeriosis, the patient may need antibiotics through intravenous fluids in the hospital, but antibiotics do not help viral infection, but it may worsen it. Anti-diarrhea medicine, such as a drug “loperamide” to control diarrhea and suppress nausea, as well as a drug “under bismuth salicylate”, which is an antacid, and also controls diarrhea, and they are prescribed for adults if the diarrhea is not bloody and without a rise in temperature.
- Antiemetics, such as chlorpromazine and metoclopramide.
There are some procedures that can also be followed, such as:
- Resting the stomach by stopping food and drink for several hours.
- Oral rehydration solutions are taken in severe cases of dehydration or diarrhea.
- Eat items rich in probiotics (good bacteria) to shorten the duration of illness.
- Gradually return to eating foods that are low in fat and easy to digest, such as bananas, oats, rice, chicken soup, mashed potatoes, cooked vegetables, toast, soda, diluted fruit juices, and sports drinks.
In conclusion, after you know the symptoms of food poisoning and its treatment, it is possible to prevent food poisoning by washing hands and tableware, preparing food well with soap and water, cooking food well, and not leaving it outside the refrigerator often, especially at high temperatures, and avoiding unpasteurized dairy products and foods.